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郑州天宇饲料科技有限公司|American Guinea Hogs

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首页 >> 国外养猪

American Guinea Hogs

作者: 【字体:  】【颜色: 绿  

美国几内亚猪

We are currently working on increasing our small herd through diligent breeding and research. Our Guinea hogs have all been DNA tested in an effort to determine bloodlines and the diversity amongst these lines.

目前我们正在精心饲养和研究几内亚猪以便扩大种群。我们对这些猪已经进行了DNA测试,以区分它们的血统和差异性。

We DO NOT have any Guineas for sale at this time.

现在我们不出售几内亚猪。

ATTENTION BREEDERS: If you have guinea hogs or what you believe to be guinea hogs, and are not on the breeder’s list with ALBC, PLEASE contact us. We are interested in talking with others who have pigs from bloodlines different than ours. We would be happy to include you in our DNA research to help save this breed!

饲养者请注意:如果你饲养有几内亚猪,或是你认为你养的猪是几内亚猪,并且你养的猪不在ALBC名录上,那么就请尽快联系我们。我们对这些和几内亚不同血统的猪非常感兴趣,很乐意通过DNA研究来拯救这些猪群。

From The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy:

摘自美国家畜保护品种:

The American Guinea Hog is a small, black breed of swine that is unique to the United States. Also known as the Pineywoods Guinea and Guinea Forest Hog, the breed was popular for a long period of time in America, but today is nearly extinct. Hogs were imported from West Africa to America in conjunction with the slave trade. The imports were documented as early as 1804 by Thomas Jefferson and other Virginia farmers. These large, square animals were called Red Guineas, because they had red or sandy colored hair. Red Guineas were common throughout the mid-Atlantic region during the 1800’s. The breed disappeared as a distinct population, however, in the 1880’s, when most of the red breeds and types of hogs in the eastern United States were combined to form the Jersey-Duroc breed.

几内亚猪是一种小型的,黑色品种猪,美国独有的猪种。通常这种猪叫做几内亚松叶猪或是几内亚森林猪,在相当长的一段时期内该品种猪非常多,现在却到了快要灭绝的地步。这种猪其实是美国与非洲西部做奴隶贸易时带过来的,早在1804年,托马斯·杰菲逊和一些维吉尼亚养殖户就有所记载。这种猪体型大,称为红色几内亚猪(因为它们的毛是红色或是沙土色),19世纪,红色几内亚猪在大西洋中部地区很常见,不过到了80年代,在美国东部地区,大部分红色种群猪与当地的泽西—杜洛克猪杂交产生的新品种开始流行,几内亚纯种猪几乎快销声匿迹了。

The name Guinea occurs again a few decades later in the South-eastern US, though describing a different animal entirely-a small, black hog common on homesteads across the region. Guinea hogs were expected to forage for their own food, eat rodents and other small animals, grass, roots and nuts, and clean out garden beds. The hogs were also kept in the yard where they would eat snakes, and thus create a safe zone around the house.

然而几十年后,几内亚猪这个名字在美国的东南部地区又一次的出现了,虽然以一种完全不同的样子出现——小的,黑色的家畜猪。它们除了喜欢吃一些食物外,还吃一些啮齿类动物和其他小动物,咬嚼草、树根、尖果类的东西,这样同时又像是把花园的地给翻了一遍。还可以养在庭院中,因为它们吃蛇,这样还可以看护家院,保护人的安全。

These guineas were hardy and efficient, gaining well on the roughest of forage, and producing the hams, bacon and lard essential for subsistence farming.

这种猪耐粗饲、很好养。长成后可以做成火腿、熏肉、咸肉,炼成油,当地农民饲养它基本能维持生活。

Guinea hogs were widespread, and descriptions of them varied. Generally, hogs were small, weighing 100-300 pounds, and black or bluish black in color. They had upright ears, a hairy coat and curly tail. Beyond this, conformation varies, as hogs could have short or long snouts, and be "big boned", "medium boned", or "fine boned". It is likely that many strains of Guinea hogs existed. Since most of these are extinct, it is now impossible to weave together all the threads of the guinea hog history into a single neat piece.

几内亚猪分布很广泛,并且在不同的地区体型和顏色也不一样。但是一般来说,这种猪很小,体重大概是100-300磅,顏色为黑色或是蓝黑色。竖耳,全身黑色,卷尾,此外它们的外貌也具有多样性。有的鼻子长,而有的稍微要短一些,有的体型大,而有的为中等,有的是小型猪。现在只有一部分品种保存下来,大部分已绝迹。现在要把它们的演变历程写下来,已经不大可能了。

The guinea hog became rare in recent decades as the habitat of the homestead hog disappeared, and it survived only in the most isolated parts of the Southeast. During the 1980’s, new herds of guinea hogs were established, partly in response to the pet pig market.

由于最近二十年来,很多农民不再养猪,几内亚猪已经很少见到,仅仅在美国的东南大部分地区出现。20世纪90年代,新的几内亚种群猪出现,但一部分是以宠物猪形式出现在市面上的。

Several mysteries confuse the breed’s history. The relationship between the historic Red Guinea and the Guinea Hog may be simply the common use of the term "Guinea" to refer to an African origin. "Guinea" may also refer to the small size of the hogs, somewhat akin to the description of miniature Florida Cracker and Pineywoods cattle as "guinea cows". The guinea hog may or may not be related to the Essex, a small black English breed that was imported into the US around 1820, and used in the development of the Hampshire. Essex hogs were found in the Southeast around 1900, though the breed’s history is obscure. Guinea Essex were used in research at Texas A&M University in the 1960’s, though there is little information available about those hogs.

直到现在还有很多的疑团困扰着我们,让我们不能弄清这个种群的发展历史,或许美国的几内亚猪与非洲地区的那种红色猪没有什么特别的联系,或许只是简单的用了同一个名字,“几内亚猪”也可能是是指那种小型的,有点类似于佛罗里达州的小型的家养牲畜就比如为“几内亚牛”这类的动物。或者它们与艾塞克斯(一种小型的,黑色的猪种,由汉普夏猪演变而来,大约在1820年被引进到美国)有关,或者没有关系。1900年左右,艾塞克斯猪被发现于美国东南部,但是关于这种猪的来历仍不很清除。几内亚·艾塞克斯猪在20世纪60年代曾被用于美国德克萨斯大学作为科学研究,通过这一研究也给我们了解几内亚猪提供了一些信息。

Though the guinea hog would greatly benefit from additional research and description, it is clear that the breed is genetically distinct from improve breeds of hogs and merits conservation. Like other traditional lard-type breeds however, the guinea hog faces great obstacles to it’s conservation. These hogs do not produce a conventional market carcass, since they are smaller and more fatty than is commonly preferred today. Guinea hogs are, however, appropriate for use in diversified, sustainable agriculture. They would be an excellent choice where there is need for services of a hog -such as grazing, rooting, tilling compost and garden soil, and pest control-and also the desire for a small breed. Under such husbandry, Guinea hogs would thrive.

虽然在很大程度上几内亚猪会受益于我们这项研究工作,但是很明显,这种猪的基因不同于目前市场上改良品种猪,像其它一些传统的肥肉型猪,几内亚猪要保存下来有很大困难。因为几内亚猪体形小且比现在市场上人们喜欢吃的猪肥,所以这种猪不适合市场需要。但是我们却可用它们来干其它的事情,比如可以让它们帮助农业生产,如让几内亚猪去啃草、拱地松土、治理病虫害(因为它们会吃土地中的害虫)或是让它们作为宠物来养,那么这将会是一个非常明智的选择。只有这样,几内亚猪才能生存下去。

 

本文已被阅读:175815 次 来源: 发布时间:2007/12/19 11:01:06 打印本文】【关闭窗口 

 
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